Get a very sharp digital photos is something that is most desired by every photographer, but a clean and sharp picture is sometimes difficult to obtain because they do not know how to get it. Before starting to explore how to improve the sharpness of the picture, would be much better to talk first about the main cause of a less sharp image, that is:
1. Not Focus - Errors most often occur for the photo is not sharp photo out of focus. This may be a result of focusing on the wrong part of the object, too close to the object so that the focus can not be obtained, an error selecting aperture that produces a very narrow depth of picture (small f number, eg f2) or take photos too quickly without first checking in the viewfinder.
Not Focus
Moving object with a slow shutter speed

2. Moving object - is another form of photo blur due to take a moving object by using a slow shutter speed.


3. Camera shake - shake the camera usually comes from the movement of the photographers themselves when taking photos so as to produce photo blur.


4. Noise - In many photos found spots of the image pixels, usually derived from errors in setting the ISO, the more ISO noise level is also greater.

Basic tips in shooting to get a sharp photo:

1. Hold the camera correctly when shooting
Most blur in photos caused by camera shake when shooting (the camera moves a split second while shutter is pressed). The best way to overcome camera shake when shooting is to use a tripod but it is not practical to carry because of its size sizeable eating places, it is a practical way of holding the camera properly
2. Use a tripod
Use of a tripod is helpful in overcoming camera shake when shooting although its use is not practical but the resulting image is sharper and more configurable nice.

3. Choose Shutter Speed ​​(Shutter Speed) right
The first thing you have in mind to get sharp photos is to choose the right shutter speed in the shooting. The faster the shutter speed is selected then the photo got sharper and avoid blur caused by camera shake. The following selection rules Shutter Speed:
- If you have a 50mm focal length lens, do not shoot with a shutter speed slower than 1/60 sec.
- If you have a 100mm focal length lens, doing shooting at 1/125 second or faster.
- If you have a 200mm focal length lens, doing shooting at 1/250 second or faster.

4. Select aperture (diaphragm) as needed
Aperture has an effect on the depth of focus of a photograph (depth of field), lower aperture (increase the f value) will provide the same depth of focus both near and far objects. Conversely, if the increase aperture (lower f value) will give a narrow depth of focus which the background (background) and foreground (foreground) has a different focus. Keep in mind the smaller the aperture used, the longer the shutter speed is needed and of course for moving objects difficult to get the same focus.

5. Avoid using high ISO
The third element of the exposure triangle is an ISO that has a direct influence on the noise in images. If you choose the larger ISO shutter speed used to be faster and smaller aperture but the selection of ISO is too high will cause the noise so the photos are not too sharp.

6. Use the camera and lens have Image Stabilization feature
Many cameras and lenses currently equipped with Image Stabilization (IS), which helps reduce the effects of camera shake when shooting so that the resulting image could be sharper. But keep in mind that it IS only helps stabilize the movement of the camera instead of stabilizing the movement of the object.

7. Take advantage of with the proper focus
The most common technique to get sharp photos is to use the focus of the lens. Most digital camera users always use the Auto Focus feature to take pictures but do not assume that the camera always get focus properly on the desired object. If using Auto Focus, double-check visually whether the desired object is in focus or not before taking a picture because it will affect the sharpness of the image. If you are not confident with using Manual Focus Auto Focus by turning the focus ring on the lens to get the focus on the desired object, it is helpful to take pictures by using a large aperture (small f value) which produces photos with a narrow depth of focus.

8. Use a good lens
If you have a higher budget then buy a better lens to get a sharper image quality than always using a standard lens. For Canon lens, better quality exist in the L-series lenses (professional series lenses), sharper picture quality than standard lenses.

9. Clean the camera equipment on a regular basis
Each finished using the camera much less used room of the open, do not forget to clean the lens and camera equipment such as camera sensor from stains, dust and dirt because it will affect the images (cause spotting on the photo).

10. Do a photo shoot in the sweet spot of the lens used

Is a certain sweet spot where the lens aperture will produce the sharpest picture and each lens has a different sweet spot, to identify and learn the sweet spot of the lens used to produce sharp images. Sweet spot of the lens is usually located two stops above the maximum aperture of the lens capability. For example, for the f/2.8 lens is its sweet spot at f/5.6.

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