Java Leopard or in Latin is called Panthera pardus melas become the last remaining big cats on the island of Java after the extinction of the Javan Tiger. Leopard Java (Java Leopard) is one of nine subspecies of Leopard (Panthera pardus) in the world which is a species endemic to the island of Java. Protected rare animal species identity is becoming the province of West Java.

Java Leopard (Panthera pardus melas) are included in the conservation status of "Critically Endangered" has two variations of the light-colored Leopard and Leopard black is commonly called the Tiger Beetle. Although the color is different, the two big cats are the same subspecies.

The characteristics of Java Leopard. Compared to other leopard subspecies, Java Leopard (Panthera pardus melas) has a relatively small size. Body length ranges from 90-150 cm with a height of 60-95 cm. Body weight range 40-60 kg.

Leopard subspecies of the species endemic to the island of Java has a distinctive color-leopard spotted all over his body. In general, tawny-colored fur with black spots. Black spots on her head smaller. Similar female Leopard Java, and are smaller than males.

Java Leopard (Panthera pardus melas) as other leopards are nocturnal animals are more active at night. This big cat is one smart animals climbing and swimming.

Java Leopard is carnivorous animals that prey on prey such as deer, long-tailed monkeys, wild boar, deer and Javan gibbon, Javan porcupine, Javan langur and black. Big cat is also able to drag and bring the prey into the tree, sometimes exceeding the weight of prey body size. This behavior than to avoid losing prey hunted, but it is also for the storage of food supplies.

Although the life span in the wild has not been widely known, but in captivity, leopard can live up to 21-23 years. Leopards living in the territory (space) ranges from 5-15 km2. Are solitary, but at certain times such as pairs and childcare, a leopard can live in groups. Male leopard will roam looking for a mate in their respective territories, where each region is characterized by scratching on a log, urine or feces.

Generally female leopard had approximately 2-6 children each born with the tail of approximately 110 days gestation. Being an adult at the age of 3-4 years. Kids leopard will remain with their mother until the age of 18-24 months. In parenting, sometimes the male leopard assist in child care.
Tiger Beetle is Leopard. Although it has a different body color, black, but Tiger Beetle was the same subspecies Leopard. Variations in body color are not made ​​bodied black leopard is a subspecies of the other, but actually the same subspecies. Evidently they can mate and produce offspring that are colored and black leopards.

Colors in the Tiger Beetle is not completely black. There is a leopard-spotted a darker color than the base. Black leopard (Tiger Beetle) in addition to being a variant of Java Leopard also encountered on Leopard in India. Experts suspect the difference in color is caused by pigment melanistik.

Java Leopard Conservation. Big cats are protected animals from extinction in Indonesia by Law No. 5 of 1990 and Regulation 7 of 1999. By the IUCN Red list, Java Leopard (Panthera Padus melas) were classified in the conservation status of "Critical" (Critically Endangered). It is also included in CITES Appendix I, which means that should not be traded.

Total population Leopard Java is not known with certainty. Data from the IUCN Redlist estimated population of less than 250 head (2008) although by some domestic agencies sometimes claim they are still in the 500's tail.

Java Leopard population is spread out in different areas such as National Parks (TN) Ujung Kulon, TN. Mist Mountain Salak, TN. Gunung Gede, Forest Preserve Petungkriyono Pekalongan, and TN. Meru Betiri East Java.

Leopard subspecies. Around the world there are 9 subspecies of Leopard. In addition to Java Leopard (Panthera Padus melas) are endemic to the island of Java, there are eight other subspecies;

     Panthera pardus pardus: Africa
     Panthera pardus Nimr: Arab
     Panthera pardus saxicolor: Central Asia
     Panthera pardus kotiya: Sri Lanka
     Panthera pardus fusca: India
     Panthera pardus delacouri i: South Asia and southern China
     Panthera pardus japonensis: northern China
     Panthera pardus orientalis: Russia, Korea and China, the southeast

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