1. Maximize Depth of Field (DoF)

An approach to the normal concept of a landscape photography is "sharply from toe to the end of the horizon". The basic concept of the theory of "oldies" states that a landscape photo should as much as possible all the parts of the photo is the focus (sharp). To get the sharpness wide or in other words the field depth of focus (DOF) is selebar2nya, could use apperture (aperture) is as small as possible (large f number), for example, f14, f16, F18, f22, f32, and so on.
Of course, with increasingly smaller apperture, meaning the length of exposure.
Due to the limitations of the lens (which is not able to reach f32 and / or f64) or spot position in which we stand is not supported, a different approach could be used, namely the theory of hyper-focal areas of focus for the "optimal" in accordance with the scene that we face. The core of the hyper-focal distance focal point is put in the right position to get the focus areas that the widest possible so it will be sharply distinguished from the FG to the BG.

With the wide DoF, f/20 due to the use and application of hyper-focal distance to determine the focus
2. Use a tripod and cable release

Of # 1 above, due to the wide DOF resulting in increasing duration of exposure, a tripod for the long exposure needed to ensure that the resulting images sharp. Cable release will also be very helpful. If the camera has the facility to mirror lock-up, the facility could also be used to avoid the effect of micro-stamped mirror shake the beginning.
3. Look for a focal point or focal point

Focus point here is not that the point where the focus of the camera is placed, but rather a point where the eye will be drawn first (eye-contact) while viewing photos.
Almost all the photos were "good" has a focal point, or a point of focus, or more often mistakenly called a POI (Point of Interest). Actually, just a landscape photography requires a focal point to draw the eye to stop just before the eyes begin mengexplore detail of a photo. Focal point does not necessarily have to be a POI from a photograph.
A photo without a focal point, will make the eyes "wandering" with no chance to stop, resulting in loss of interest in landscape photographs obstruction. Such photos often called flat (bland) only.
Focal points can be in the form of the building (which is unique among small or empty plains), tree (which stands alone), stone (or a set of stone), a person or an animal, or a silhouette shape that Kontrast with BG, and so on.

Laying in which the focal point is also sometimes very influential, here the rules of "oldies" Rule of Third play.

In the example photo below, the focal point is the red-shirted umbrella women
4. Look for Foreground (FG)

Foreground can be a focal point even a POI (Point of Interest) in your landscape photo.
Therefore, look for a strong FG. Sometimes a FG that better define "success" or failure of a landscape photo, no matter how dasyatnya the sky at that time.
An object or pattern in the FG can make "sense of scale" dr our landscape photo.
Anything can be a powerful object in the FG, of the boat, rock & grass up starfish
5. Choose sky or land

The sky is cloudy turbulent, especially at sunset or sunrise, we will make the photo interesting, but we still have to choose whether we will make our pictures composed mostly of the sky with the horizon lay a little below, or most of the land with putting a little in the upper horizon .
How good was the land and sky that we meet / face while shooting, divide two equal parts between the dramatic sky and land / FG would make an interesting landscape photographs to be out of focus, because the two parts are equally good.

Composition by using the principle of "oldies" Rule of Third would be very helpful. Place the horizon line, at 1/3 the top if we want to highlight (emphasize) FG him, or put the horizon at 1/3 the bottom, if we want to highlight the sky.

Of course the law "Rule of Third" can be broken, if the violation was actually strengthens the focal point and not vice versa. Also not always dead center is ugly

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