Although there are many sub-categories of types of lenses, basically the type of lens is commonly known tele, wideangle, zoom and prime. All of these lenses perform the same basic functions that capture the reflective light from the subject and focus on the image sensor, but I submit the reflected light of different objects.
1. Tele Lens; characteristics of this lens is closer objects but narrow viewpoint. Lenses are typically used by sports photographers and wildlife photographers to take a photo object distances.
2. Wide Angle Lens (Wide Angle); lens is the opposite of a telephoto lens is a lens that has a shorter focal length. The character of this lens is made subject smaller than actual size and can be used to capture a vast subject in a narrow space.
3. Zoom Lens; zoom lens has the ability to change focal lengths from wide angle to standard and from standard to zoom so very flexible to use because it has a focal length range is quite wide. Lenses of this type are also known as broom lens universe, but the lens is prone to vibration, therefore zoom lens has Image Stabilization highly recommended.
4. Prime Lens or Fixed Lens; lens has only one focal range so it can not use the zoom. For those just learning photography, prime lens lens yan good to learn because you are forced to move and take a better perspective.