Small size (32 cm), easily recognizable, black and white. Long black crest and often lifted up. The majority of black fur, with a white stripe on the chest, white mottled wings, and abdomen dark striped ribbon. At the time flies, short rounded wings patterned stripes of black and gray secondary feathers (in contrast to the pale feathers tipped black primer). Wings like a raven, wings flat while gliding.
Iris dark brown, horn-colored beak with sera gray, dark gray legs.
Weak, one to three thin scream tone, like the sound of seagulls.
Not yet available sound recordings taken from the territory of Indonesia.
Distribution and Race
Himalayas, southern India, southern China, Southeast Asia. Winter visitors to Sumatra, rarely to West Java.
Known there are four sub-species with a distribution area:
wolfei Deignan, 1948 - Sichuan (central China).
Syama (Hodgson, 1837) - India's northeastern and eastern Nepal to southern China (Guangdong, Hainan); winter migrating south through Indochina and Peninsular Malaysia to Sumatra and Java.
leuphotes (Dumont, 1820) - India's southwestern, southern Myanmar and western Thailand; probably also breeds in some parts of Indochina.
andamanica Abdulali & Grubh, 1970 - Kep. Southern Andaman.
Religious Life and Habits:
Inhabit the entire rain forest from the bottom until it reaches an altitude of 1800 m above sea level. However, more usually found ranging from a height of 200-1800 m above sea level. Live in pairs or in small groups. Fly short distances, flapped snatching insects in the air or on the ground. Rather benign. Often found along streams or in open woods and villages. When migrating flying high in the sky.